Duhaime's Legal Citations

S.Q. - Statuts du Quebec or Statutes of Quebec (Canada)

flag of QuebecAs Quebec laws are adopted by the Quebec Legislature (Assemblée Nationale), they shed their respective parliamentary "Bill" number and are issued Statute of Quebec chapter numbers in the order in which each is assented to, from January 1 of each year, becoming that chapter in the annual Statutes of Quebec (Statuts du Québec).

Most are then quickly incorporated into the consolidated collection of Quebec laws: Lois Refondues du Quebec (Revised Statutes of Quebec - R.S.Q.), a permanent collection and from which the statute takes a permanent chapter number for all future reference.

Some, because of their scope and because they are presented as codes, and in the tradition of the civil law, retain their initial annual statute number in apparent perpetuity.

For example, the English and French legal citations for the Quebec Civil Code as of 2010:

  • Civil Code of Québec, S.Q. 1991, c. 64
  • Code civil du Québec, L.Q. 1991, c. 64



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