Duhaime's Legal Citations

L.R. - Law Reports (England)


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A large collection of sub-law reports.

Published by the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales (London) since 1865.

The Law Journal Reports (L. J.) are separate and distinct from the Law Reports sets of law reports. The Law Journal set includes law report series and titles such as Adm., Bk., C.C.R., C.P., Ecc., H.L., K.B., M.C., P., P.C., P.D. & A., P.& M. and Q.B., many of which were duplicated by the Law Reports publishers (eg. L.R. C.P.D./Common Pleas Division; L.R.P.D./Probate Division etc.)

Law reports is, of course, the generic term used to define all written and published opinions of courts around the world but England grabbed the term early to refer to one of the primary law reports, as if it was the law report or all law reports! Now, though, it can be confusing when, within a discussion of legal citations, reference is made to law reports, the generic term, or Law Reports, the English law report published by the ICLR.

Statement of scope (1870):

"Reports of Judicial Decisions of the Superior and Appellate Courts in England and Wales."

An abbreviation for a set of Law Reports issued from England which was subdivided into subsets of law reports by jurisdiction of the court covered. For example, the Law Reports, or L.R., include the Chancery Reports (Ch.), and the King's Bench (later, Queen's Bench), all of which are usually abbreviated not to L.R. (volume #) Ch. (page number), but omitting any reference to L.R. However, especially in England and in older writings, the long form of the sub-sections legal citations is still used.

Here are the components of the L.R.:

One of the features of the Law Reports, as is also found in the English Reports, is that the reports contain the arguments of counsel, as summarized by the editors. This creates difficulties, especially for the untrained eye, who must thus check any reference to L.R. to ensure that a proposed extracted "statement of the law", was not simply an argument expounded by a barrister on his client's behalf and suited not to the law and justice for all, but to a remote litigant's private interests.

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