K.B. - King's Bench Division (England)
Forming part of the Law Reports collection (England) from 1900 to 1952.
Publisher: Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England & Wales.
The King's Bench or, during the reign of a female monarch, the Queen's Bench (see Q.B.), is England and Wales' superior, senior common law court, with jurisdiction in both civil and criminal matters. K.B. or Q.B. are the reports of the salient written opinions of the justices of the King or Queen's Bench Division (see Legal Definition of King's Bench and Legal Definition of Queen's Bench).
In England and Wales, the King or Queen's Bench Division is part of the High Court of Justice. It was created by the Supreme Court of Judicature Act of 1873.
The Common Pleas and Exchequer Divisions were merged into the Queen's Bench Division, and thus, those dedicated series of the Law Reports ceased publication.
Sometimes K.B. is cited as L.R.K.B.Div. or L.R.K.B.D. and more often cited as K.B.Div. or K.B.D.
Often confused with other law reports which have had "King's Bench" in the title, such as Alberta Court of King's Bench (ABQB).
During the reign of a make monarch, the Queen's Bench Division law report ran in annual volumes with, from time to time, multi-volumes in a given year, and from 1875 to 1990, during the reign of Queen Victoria.
In 1901, it was continued as King's Bench Division during the reigns of Edward VII (1901-1910), George V (1910-1936), Edwards VIII (1936) and George VI (1936-1952). When Queen Elizabeth ascended to the throne in 1952, the title of the law report reverted to Queen's Bench Division or Q.B.