Duhaime's Legal Citations

F. - Federal Reporter (USA)

Related Citation: F. Supp.

Also, later, F. 2d and F. 3d.

The Federal Reporter is second only to the U.S. law reports (Supreme Court of United States) in terms of authority.

F. is the legal citation of the first series of the Federal Reporter, some 300 volumes, which ran to 1924.

The original scope of the law report included courts of appeal and district courts and some courts which no longer exists, such as the Commerce Court of the United States and the United States circuit courts.

F. was continued by the 999 volume Federal Reporter, Second Series, F. 2d, opinions and decisions from 1925 to 1993 issued by the 13 divisions ("circuits") of the United States Courts of Appeals.

Starting in 1932, West decided to prune the lower, United States district court opinions, from the Federal Reporter series and started a new law report, the Federal Supplement (F. Supp.).

Then, another spin-off in 2001 when Westlaw started Federal Appendix (Fed. Appx.) to publish those United States Court of Appeals decisions that did not "make the cut" in Federal Reporter.

In 1993, West ended the F. 2d series of law reports and continued afresh with Volume 1 of the Federal Reporter, Third Series (F. 3d).

The publisher, West Publishing Corporation (Westlaw), is serious about their legal citation. In 1981, they trade-marked the word "Federal Reporter" for use as "... books and pamphlets containing reports of legal decisions rendered by federal courts of the United States, its territories and possessions" {US Trademark Office, serial #73325189}. 

Frequently looking up citations? Save time with our search provider (modern browsers only)

If you find an error, omission or if you have a suggestion for a law report, legal periodical or legal abbreviation to be included, we'd love to get your input!